Today In Charleston History: July 5

1735

The vestry of St. Philip’s Church signed a tax-list for £1000, authorized to use for the relief and maintenance of the poor.

1752

Charles Pinckney, was admitted the South Carolina bar.

1770-American Revolution – Foundations. Charleston Firsts 

The statue of William Pitt was dedicated at Meeting and Broad Streets – the first commemorating a public figure in America – and placed upon a pedestal. A flag with “Pitt and Liberty” was raised. Members of the Club Forty-five led the crowd in three “hurrahs!” That evening Club Forty-five hosted a party at Mr. Dillon’s Tavern where forty-five toasts were drunk.

pitt statue

TOP: Map of Charles Town illustrating location of Pitt statue, Broad and Meeting Streets BOTTOM: Pitt statue in Washington Park. RIGHT: Pitt statue today, in the lobby of Charleston County courthouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1781-British Occupation

Col. Issac Hayne led 100 horsemen of his militia unit and captured General Andrew Williamson, known at the “Benedict Arnold of the South.” Williamson was an American who had joined the British after the capture of Charles Town. In fear that Williamson would be hanged, Lt. Col. Balfour sent out men to attempt a rescue.

1838

Frémont_1856John C. Fremont, who was suspended from the College of Charleston three months short of graduation on a morals charge, was appointed second lieutenant in the Corps of Topographical Engineers

1849

Susan Petigru King and her sister Caroline Carson traveled to Sharon Springs, New York to spend the summer at a health resort, looking for a cure of Caroline’s tumor. In Charleston, the women’s long absence away from their husbands and children provoked gossip. They were:    

Susan Petigru King Bowen, in later life

Susan Petigru King Bowen, in later life.

two young women without their husbands, & far from all those upon whom they have any claim … their situation is dreadful … calculated to excite the suspicion of all discreet people.

Today In Charleston History: January 21

1683 – Deaths 

Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper died in Amsterdam.

anthony ashley cooper profile

1813 – Births

John C. Fremont was born in Savannah, Georgia, the illegitimate son of Mrs. Ann Pryor and her French tutor, Charles Fremon. As a young man, John Fremont attended the College of Charleston and in 1838 he was appointed second lieutenant in the Corps of Topographical Engineers of the U.S. Army. He assisted and led multiple surveying expeditions through the western territory of the United States and beyond. Due to his extensive explorations Fremont was nicknamed “The Great Pathfinder.”

Frémont_1856In 1842 Fremont met frontiersman Kit Carson for the first time on a Missouri steamboat in St.  Louis. The two men then led a five-month journey into present-day Wyoming. During a second expedition Fremont and Carson mapped the second half of the Oregon Trail, from South Pass to the Oregon Country, following a route north of the Great Salt Lake, down the Snake River to the Columbia River and into Oregon.

They came within sight of the Cascade Range peaks and mapped Mount St. Helens and Mount Hood. Rather than continue west through the Columbia River gorge to Fort Vancouver, the party turned south and followed Fall Creek to its headwaters near the present-day northern border of California. They ventured into the Sierra Nevada, becoming some of the first Americans to see Lake Tahoe.

Upon his return, Frémont produced a new map, using data gathered during the first expedition to update an earlier map by Gibbs.  Congress published Frémont’s “Report and Map”; it guided thousands of overland immigrants to Oregon and California from 1845 to 1849 which helped guide the forty-niners through the California Gold Rush. 

Fremont later served as a General in the U.S. Army during the Civil War, one of the few Southerners who did not join the Confederacy. He created a controversy when given command of the Department of the West by President Abraham Lincoln. Always an independent-minded man, Frémont made decisions without consulting Washington D.C. or President Lincoln. In 1861 Frémont issued an emancipation edict that freed slaves in his district, and was relieved of his command by President Lincoln for insubordination. Lincoln claimed that Fremont “should never have dragged the Negro into the war.” Two years later, Lincoln would issue his own Emancipation Proclamation and be forever celebrated. Ironically, the first Federal official to free slaves during the War was a Southerner who as reprimanded. 

In 1856 Fremont was the first Republican to be nominated as a Presidential candidate.