Charles II was born at St. James’s Palace in London. He was to become the namesake of Charleston, SC.
Charles II arrived in London on his 30th birthday and restored the English monarchy. He granted amnesty to most of Cromwell’s former supporters, including Baron Anthony Ashley Cooper. Fifty people, however, were excluded from the King’s amnesty; nine were hanged, drawn and quartered, and the rest were given life imprisonment. Charles II extended baronages to thirteen loyal gentlemen of Barbados, including Sir John Colleton and Sir John Yeamans, who became early leaders of the Carolina colony.
1787-Constitutional Convention-Pinckney’s Draught
At the Convention, Charles Pinckney presented a complete outline of a constitution. James Madison wrote in his diary:
Mr. Charles Pinkney [sic] laid before the house the draught of federal Government which he had prepared to be agreed upon between the free and independent States of America.
Pinckney’s Draught (as it came to be known) included thirty-one of the provisions of the Constitution as finally adopted. They included:
- A strong central government consisting of three separate and distinct branches
- Legislative branch divided into a Senate and a House of Delegates, elected proportionate to the white population; blacks would be counted as three-fifths.
- Control of the President over the military
- Federal power to order militia into any State
- House with powers of Impeachment.
- “No religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the authority of the United States.”
- The president should annually report on the “condition of the United States” – a state of the union address.
Pinckney reminded the delegates that the citizens were watching the Convention:
From your deliberations much is expected. The eyes, as well as hopes of your constituents are turned upon the convention; let their expectations be gratified. Be assured, that, however unfashionable for the moment your sentiments may be, yet, if your system is accommodated to the situation of the Union, and founded in wise and liberal principals, it will, in time, be consented.