1703 – Fortifications
Sir Nathaniel Johnson was appointed governor. He urged the Assembly to pass an act for repairing the existing fortifications and building new works to surround the town. It specified:
the severall forts, halfe moons, platforms, batterys and flankers, built . . . on the front wall [i.e., East Bay Street], shall have gabions [walls built on a slope to protect against erosion] fixed upon them, and shall also be well piled, for their preservation against the sea.
The act also stipulated that the fortifications “shall be [made] by intrenchments, flankers and parapets, sally ports, a gate, drawbridge and blind necessary for the same.” This plan created a ring of fortification, including four corner bastions linked by a curtain walls and punctuated by eight redans, surrounding sixty-two acres of high land.
1778 – American Revolution.
Alexander Gillon, a Dutch merchant from Charlestown, was appointed Commodore of the South Carolina navy.