Home » History - American » Today In Charleston History: January 30

Today In Charleston History: January 30

1649 -English Civil War

King Charles I, “tyrant, traitor, murderer and public enemy,” was executed for at the Banqueting House of the Palace of Whitehall.

Execution of Charles I

Execution of Charles I

1662

On the 12th anniversary of his father’s execution, Charles II ordered the body of Oliver Cromwell removed from Westminster Abbey. The corpse was given a posthumous execution by beheading and the “twice-dead” body was hanged in chains at Tyburn. The decapitated head was displayed on a pole outside Westminster Hall until 1685. (One of the world’s greatest moments of revenge.)

1770

Lt. Governor William Bull urged the Assembly to make provisions for adequate education in South Carolina. He stated that “liberal education in the province was essential for the future of the community.” A committee which included Henry Laurens and Christopher Gadsden, presented a bill to the Assembly for the establishment of a college. This is often defined as the founding of the College of Charleston, which would be inaccurate since the bill was never approved by the Assembly.  The College would not officially be established until 1785.

1838 – Deaths

Osceola, the Seminole Indian chief, died in captivity at Ft. Moultrie.

In October 1837, Osceola was captured when he went for peace talks near St. Augustine, Florida. He was initially imprisoned at Fort Marionbefore being transferred to Fort Moultrie on Sullivans Island, outside Charleston, South Carolina. Osceola’s capture by deceit caused a national uproar. General Jesup and President Martin Van Buren were condemned by many congressional leaders. That December, Osceola and other Seminole prisoners were moved to Fort Moultrie, Charleston, South Carolina. where they were visited by many locals.

Three months later Osceola died of quinsy, a recognized complication of tonsillitis, or malaria, according to some sources. He was buried with military honors at Fort Moultrie.

osceola grave - illustration

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