Today In Charleston History: November 30

1694

Landgrave Thomas Smith, one of the richest men in Carolina, was commissioned to be Governor.  

1706 – Religion

The Council received word that Queen Anne had repealed the Establishment Act (November 1705). They promptly passed a new Church Act, establishing the Church of England as the official church of South Carolina, dividing the colony into ten parishes. Six of the ten parish names duplicated those in Barbados.

The Act also stipulated that the rector of St. Philip’s was to receive £150 a year and other rectors £50 a year for three years, then £100 afterward. A registry was to be kept of marriages, births, christenings and burials of all white people within the parish.

1717Piracy.

Stede Bonnet, the Gentleman Pirate, ran into another pirate fleet in the Leeward Islands, commanded by Edward Teach, Blackbeard. The two pirates decided to join forces.  Captain Hume of HMS Scarborough reported on “a Pyrate ship of 36 Guns and 250 men, and a Sloop of 10 Guns and 100 men.”

Sixteen-year old, red-haired Anne Cormac started frequenting the waterfront taverns of Charles Town. She quickly picked up a reputation as a drinker and fierce brawler, quick to anger. It was reported “That once, when a young fellow would have lain with her against her will, she beat him so that he lay ill of it a considerable time.”

bonnet and bonny

1729

St. Andrew’s Society was organized due of a growing presence of Scots in Charlestown. The hall on Broad Street became part of the social life of upper-class Charlestonians. It was used for balls, banquets, concerts, and meetings of organizations like the South Carolina Jockey Club and the St. Cecilia Society.

st. andrews society hall

St. Andrews Society Hall

1830 – Charleston & Hamburg Rail Road

By this date, five miles of railed road had been laid from Line Street to San Souci, a small community north of Charleston.

1831 – Charleston & Hamburg Rail Road

The Charleston & Hamburg Rail Road began delivering mail from Charleston to the 12 Mile House, where it was transferred to horse-drawn mail stages. Expansion on the line was slowly progressing at about three-quarters of a mile of track per month, due the swampy land the crew was building on.

 

 

Today In Charleston History: November 29

1752

William De Brahm presented his fortification plan to Gov. Glen and the bill for his services. The Assembly, upset they had not been consulted, refused to pay the fee. Glen paid De Brahm out of his own pocket.

1765 – Stamp Act

The Assembly adopted a report by Christopher Gadsden which reflected the sentiments of the Stamp Act Congress, that taxes should only be enacted by the Assembly of each province. It also said:

Sincerely as we are attached to his Majesty, we insist that we are entitled to all inherent rights and liberties of his natural born subjects within the Kingdom of Great Britain.

The Gazette published that day on plain paper with the headline: No Stamped Paper to be had.

1782 – American Revolution

Henry Laurens arrived in Paris from Vigan, France, to help negotiate a peace treaty between the United States and Great Britain. The next day he signed the preliminary articles with John Jay, Benjamin Franklin and John Adams.

Treaty_of_Paris_by_Benjamin_West_1783

Benjamin West’s painting of the delegations at the Treaty of Paris: John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. The British delegation refused to pose, and the painting was never completed.

 

1864 – Bombardment of Charleston

Seventy-four shots landed in Charleston overnight, proving that the Federal authorities outside Charleston were willing to ignore the six-day old order to cease the bombardment. Paroled Federal prisoner Robert Sneden, traveling through Charleston on his way back up north, wrote:

During the night our forces … shelled Charleston … until daylight. I could see the trail of the burning fuses on the sky, and heard plainly the bursting shells, and the dull roar of the falling walls in Charleston. Two or three small fires were burning at the same time. King and Queen Streets seemed to have been favored … and no place is esteemed safe in the city … I kept indoors as much as possible.

broad street shelling

Broad Street shelling. Harper’s Weekly

 

Today In Charleston History: November 28

1707

The land between the Combahee and Savannah Rivers was set aside as a reservation for the Yemassee tribe.            

1757 – French and Indian War.  

The Assembly stopped paying for the rent of the British officers quartered in private homes. Outraged, Lt. Col. Bouquet ordered his officers to keep their rooms and refuse to pay their rents.

1765 – Stamp Act.

The stamps were brought to the docks from Ft. Johnson. A crowd of about 7000 read a pledge not to act until Parliament had acted on their petition for all of America. Merchants pledged not to use the stamped paper.

1775 – American Revolution Continental Congress.

The American Navy was established by Congress. Christopher Gadsden was one of seven members of the Marine Committee responsible for outfitting the Navy.

1812
Theodosiaburr

Theodosia Burr Alston

Dr. Dr. Timothy Ruggles Green, an old friend of Aaron Burr, arrived in Charleston to accompany an ailing Theodosia to New York to visit her father. At this time she was most likely dying of uterine cancer with recurring infections and discharges.

 

Today In Charleston History: November 27

1672

Ashley Cooper wrote about Sir John Yeamans, “If to convert all things to his private profit be the marke of able parts Sir John is without a doubt a very judicious man.”

 1886- Natural Disaster – Charleston Earthquake.

The Stockdell Report released detailed information about 8000 damaged Charleston structures. The report would help form the basis of which buildings could be repaired and which were beyond restoration. 

eq - exchange

Exchange Building, earthquake damage

eq - harpers illustrations

Earthquake relief efforts. Harper’s Weekly

 

 

Today In Charleston History: November 26

1733- Philadelphia

Upon the news of Thomas Whitmarsh’s death in Charleston, Lewis Timothy arranged with Benjamin Franklin to take over the publishing of the South Carolina Gazette weekly newspaper on a six-year franchise contract.

1773

Williamson Willis was hanged for “stealing a Negro.”

1792 Births.

grimke, sarah

Sarah Grimke was born in Charleston, daughter of Judge John Grimke, planter, slaveholder, lawyer and politician. She later moved to Philadelphia. She and her younger sister, Angelina, became prominent abolitionists. 

1865

St. Michael’s held its first service following the conclusion of the War. 

meeting street 1858

St, Michael’s Church, 1858. Harper’s Weekly.

 

Today In Charleston History: November 25

1751

An advertisement for Henry Laurens’ business in the South Carolina Gazette read:

JUST IMPORTED in the Billander London Cap. Youn from Bristol and Capt. Allenby from Lancanshite, Oznabrugs, Irish shirting and sheeting, Linnen, sheat lead, bullets, shot, bottled beer and cyder, writing paper, paving stones, grind stones and millstones, Cornish tiles, white lead, tobacco plugs, iron pots, all sorts of nails, striped duffils, Tarrington rugs, linseed oil, Gloucestire, Lancashire and Cheshire cheese, butter, fine mould tallow candles, currans and raisins in small jars, earthen ware, best sail cloth, crown glass 8 by 10 and 9 by 11, empty quart bottles and coals – also imported, a parcel of muscavado sugar in barrels and three negro men to be sold by Austin and Laurens.

 1817

Henry Laurens Pinckney, son of Charles Pinckney, was elected to the South Carolina House at age twenty-two. He had graduated as valedictorian at South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) four years before.

1920  
citadel yearbook 1920 - cornerstone

Citadel Yearbook -1920.

With much pomp and pageantry, the cornerstone of the new Citadel campus was laid on Thanksgiving Day. Samuel T. Lanham, head of the Masonic Lodge of South Carolina, laid the stone, wearing a piece of jewelry that Marquis de Lafayette had given the Masons during his 1825 visit.

Today In Charleston History: November 24

1681 – England.
Anthony-Ashley-Cooper-Earl-Shaftesbury-1560137

Anthony Ashley Cooper

Ashley Cooper’s trial for treason was held. The government’s case was particularly weak – most of the witnesses brought forth against Shaftesbury were witnesses whom the government admitted had already perjured themselves, and the documentary evidence was inconclusive.

 This, combined with the fact that the jury was handpicked by the Whig Sheriff of London, meant the government had little chance of securing a conviction.

The case against Shaftesbury was ultimately dropped and the announcement prompted great celebrations in London, with crowds yelling “No Popish Successor, No York, A Monmouth” and “God bless the Earl of Shaftesbury!

1802
94 Church St (2)_220x220

94 Church Street, Charleston

Theodosia Burr arrived home from New York with her son. Her husband, Joseph, had just been elected to the South Carolina legislature representing Christ Church Parish in present-day Mt. Pleasant. In Charleston Theodosia lived at 94 Church Street.